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  • Fire Hazards of Jute Godowns

    In case of godowns containing baled raw jute, an aggravating factor is the burning characteristic of the material. Godown fires are most stubborn and difficult to extinguish. When an outbreak occurs in a jute godown, fire spreads over the surface of the bales with great rapidity, at the same time working its may between the [&hellip...
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  • Jute Mills and Fire Hazards

    Jute fibre is extensively used for the manufacture of sacking, bagging and tarpaulins. It is also used for making of rope, twine, carpet backing cloth, linoleum and artificial leathers. Carpet backing cloths were mainly consumed in the foreign markets. Jute cuttings are also used as one of the raw materials for paper making. It is [&hellip...
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  • Jute Presses and Fire Hazards

    HISTORY The first power driven mill for spinning jute yarn in our country was erected by a Mr. George Acland in 1855 at Rishra on the bank of River Hoogly about twelve miles from Calcutta. At first it consisted of only 48 spindles but was increased soon afterwards to give an output of 8 tons [&hellip...
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  • Hazards in Hydrocarbon Processing Industry

    INRODUCTION : The hydrocarbon processing industry is generally of gigantic size as compared to the normal chemical industry. The industry is susceptible to the risk of catastrophic financial losses because of : (a) Its enormous concentration of capital investment; (b) The magnitude of its earnings; (c) The inherent fire and explosion hazards of hydrocarbon processes [&hellip...
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  • Hydrocarbon and their Characteristics

    1. INTRODUCTION : During the past decades, Crude oil (Petroleum) has been an essential factor for prosperity in human life. Since it is in short supply and expensive, the same is very much in the lime-light all throughout the world. 2. HISTORY : Petroleum was formed million years age from organic matter of marine deposits. [&hellip...
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  • Fire Precautions for Storage of Rubber

    I. ACCOMMODATION AND LIMITATION OF STOCK 1. In view of the high calorific value of rubber and the difficulty of fighting a rubber fire it is desirable that the storage should be confined to : (i) Single storey buildings in which no other goods are stored; (ii) Multi-storey buildings of fire resisting construction in which [&hellip...
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  • Fire Hazards in Rubber Industry

    At all stages from the raw material to the finished article rubber will burn. it hardens and cracks at low temperature, becomes tackly at moderate heat and degenerates into a gum substance around 90*C, and in the process gives off fumes and smoke which considerably hamper fire fighting operations. Rubber is easily damaged by heat [&hellip...
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  • Manufacture of Rubber

    Rubber is the name given to elastic, high – molecular compounds capable of changing their shape (deforming) when acted upon by an external force of rapidly resuming their orginal shape when the force is removed. The elastic properties of rubber are due to the fact that the linear macromolecules of the material which normally are [&hellip...
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  • Fire Hazards of Tea Factories

    With the general knowledge of the processes involved in the manufacture of tea appreciation of the fire hazards becomes a simpler task, but the variation between factory and factory, as well as between district and district, is so considerable that the underwriter must know not only details of construction and external hazards, but must also [&hellip...
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  • Manufacture of Tea

    INTRODUCTION Tea is an immemorial crop originally grown and manufactured by peasants in a very primitive manner. Mechanical means of cultivation, the use of fertilisers and power driven machinery in factories of modern design have revolutionised in many respects the primitive technique. But the care of the individual bush and the harvesting of the crop [&hellip...
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