To drive a motor vehicle in any public place, an effective Driving License is necessary, Effective Driving License means, license issued to a person authorizing him/her to drive a vehicle of that particular category. There are different types of licenses issued by the RTO offices. Here, we will discuss each of them separately.
Learner Driving License: This is a temporary license that is valid upto 6 months from the date of issue. It is basically issued to learn driving of Motor Vehicles.
Permanent Driving License: Permanent driving license is issued to those who become eligible for it after thirty days (to apply within 180 days) from the date of issue of the learner license. A person who is supposed to get a permanent driving license, should be conversant about the vehicle systems, driving, traffic rules & regulations.
Duplicate Driving License: In case of loss, theft, or on mutilation. Duplicate License is issued. The documents to be produced are FIR of the lost license, challan clearance report from RTA Office (in case of Commercial license renewal) and an application in Form LLD. The particulars are verified by the authority from the records. The duplicate license will have the valid period same as the previous license. If the license is lost and expired by more than 6 months, it requires permission from Headquarters of the Transport Department.
International Driving License: The motor licensing authority also issues International Driving License. The validity of this license is for one year. Person visiting the country is required to collect the license from there within one year period. Apart from address proof and birth certificate, one has to produce a valid passport and valid visa while applying.
Motorcycle License or Two-wheeler License: Two-wheeler license is issued by the Regional Transport Authority (RTO) to permit driving of only two-wheeler vehicle like bike, scooter and moped.
Light Motor Vehicle License (LMV): Light Motor Vehicle License is issued to drive light vehicles like auto rickshaws, motor car, jeep, taxi, three-wheeler delivery vans, etc.
Heavy Motor Vehicle License (HMV): Heavy Motor Vehicle License is issued to drive heavy vehicles like trucks, buses, tourist coaches, cranes, goods carriages, etc. A person with HMV license can drive light vehicles, but Light Motor Vehicle License does not permit to drive heavy vehicles.